Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh constitute of central India and are also known as the "Heart of India". The new state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of the state of Madhya Pradesh, when 16 Chhattisgarhi speaking south-eastern districts were given statehood on November 1st 2000. The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal and of Chhattisgarh is Raipur. Madhya Pradesh is bordered by Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan; Chhattisgarh on the other hand has Madhya Pradesh to its northwest, Maharashtra to its west, Andhra Pradesh to its south, Orissa to its east, Jharkhand to its northeast and Uttar Pradesh to its north.
Madhya Pradesh is known for famous cities like Gwalior, which is popular for attractions like the Gwalior Fort, Teli-Ka-Mandir, Sasbahu Temple and the Man Singh Palace. The small town of Orchha is famous for its beautiful palaces, temples, and gardens. The renowned town of Khajuraho is known to have the largest number of Hindu and Jain temples famous for their exquisite and erotic art work. This group of temples have been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and are considered to be one of the "Seven Wonders of India". Also popular in Khajuraho is the Khajuraho Dance Festival, held every year in February/March and gives visitors the chance to experience Indian classical dance against the backdrop of these beautiful temples. The city of Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh is famous for its plethora of mosques, lakes and temples, the most popular being the Lakshmi Narayan Temple. Also popular sights are the Birla Museum and the State Archaeological Museum.